Photography is an art and behind every art, there is a science that makes it work, that makes people look at it with wonder-filled eyes. While it's true that the art of photography depends on one's ability to see things differently, to find the beauty in a mundane scene, it becomes much easier if you know some basic photographic techniques, especially in the case of abstract photography.
Abstract photography is just like abstract art where the artist tries to create an illusion of otherwise visible reality through distinct shapes, forms, lines and patterns, and the secret to capture captivating abstract images is to play with the curves that might otherwise go unnoticed by the eyes of a regular person, to play with the texture, light and shadows and lastly, to celebrate the wholeness of every single part, i.e. focusing selectively on one particular area of the image. The next step is to practice, practice and practice; after all, no one is born a scholar, everyone has to learn one thing or another in order to be the best in his chosen field.
The easiest way to make your abstract imagery better is to learn the art of selective focusing. Selective focusing as suggested by its name means that you willingly focus only on a part of a complete image. The trick is to look at the part that you find interesting as the center of the image and focus your lens on that particular part while letting the rest of the parts blur out softly and fade away in the background. Your main focus can be made stand out well by playing with curves as they can be used to point and highlight the main focus in the image. Also, always ensure that your centre of interest is of a different tone than that of the background.
Light and Shadows
Light and shadow are like the two faces of a coin; none exists without the other (oh, the irony!). While light helps you focus, highlight and capture the object, shadows help define the forms and even the slightest curves of the object, thereby increasing its beauty.
As described above, curves when captured with the right light and shadow effects define the object with a beauty that naturally draws viewer's eyes towards it. However, curves coming from or diverging in every direction will only lead to unnecessary chaos. Therefore, it is almost always better for the image if the curves flow together seamlessly.
Texture and curves are like two parallel lines that stay together. The texture must always represent a strong characteristic and be synced with the curves of the main focus of the image.
Using these techniques will only make your abstract image game strong, however, when it comes to art going with your gut instincts, playing with ideas and experimenting never hurts. So, go ahead, incorporate these techniques to your photography or try your own and find out what works best for you.
Vaibhav Kumar Mittal is a copywriter working with a creative ad and digital agency in Delhi . He is an avid reader and is currently exploring the visual world with her new-found interest in photography. He loves capturing moments in a frame with her own unique vision.